An automobile or Car is a wheeled vehicle used for conveying or transporting passengers, goods, valuables and so on. Automobiles are primary designed to run on roads, have seats that varies but all has a driver seat, which is one of the constant factors in all vehicles. It also has four wheels. Automobile was derived from Greek word by combining ‘auto’ meaning self and mobilis meaning a vehicle that moves itself and on its own. The substitute which is ‘Car’ was originated from the Latin word ‘carrus’ or ‘carrum’ meaning wheeled vehicle.
I know what must be running through your mind is who started this invention, automobiles has so many inventors. Although Nicolas Joseph Cugnot is often credited with building the first self propelled automobile in about 1979, though there was a little doubt by some. Among notable early inventors were Ferdinand Verbiest who built the first steam-powered vehicle around 1672, Richard Trevithick in 1801. Francois Isaac de Rivaz, a Swiss inventor, designed the first internal combustion engine in 1806, which was fueled by a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen and used it to develop the world’s first vehicle. All this and more had their contribution to the automobile world but Karl Benz generally is acknowledged as the Father of the modern automobile.
An automobile powered by his own four-stroke cycle gasoline engine was built in Mannheim, Germany by Karl Benz in 1885 and granted a patent in January of the following year under the auspices of his major company, Benz & Cie, which was founded in 1883. It was an integral design, without the adaptation of other existing components and including several new technological elements to create a new concept. This is what made it worthy of a patent. Then he was on his way to success in the automobile industry, He began to sell his production vehicles in 1888. In 1879 Benz created his first engine and got a patent for it and his first Motorwagon was built in 1885. During the last years of the nineteenth century, Benz was the largest automobile company. Then came DMG, a Daimler Motor company in Cannstatt founded by Daimler and Maybach in 1890 and under the brand name, DMG sold their first automobile in 1892.
By this time, the tentacles of automobile is spreading fast. So in 1890, Emile Levassor and Armand Peugeot of France began producing vehicles with Daimler engines and so laid the foundation of the automobile industry in France. The first design for an American automobile with a gasoline internal combustion engine was drawn in 1877 by George Selden of Rochester, who applied for a patent for an automobile in 1879, but the patent application expired because the vehicle was never built and proved to work which was a requirement for a patent. Though was later given the patent after delay of sixteen years for a two-stroke automobile engine on November 5 1895, which was was later challenged by Henry Ford and others, and was overturned in 1911.